Scientists have now termed the waste as the “Plastisphere.” Plastic inherently contains toxins. Plastic pollution in the ocean acts like a sponge, collecting all kinds of different bacterium, and according to scientists, that includes bacteria of the genus Vibrio, the bacterium responsible for cholera. Bacteria colonizing on plastic pollution in the ocean are “as antibiotic-resistant as the toughest bacteria present in urban environments.”
Marine litter is a vicious killer of marine mammals, seabirds, and many other life forms in the marine and coastal environment. It also entails substantial economic costs and losses to, e.g., fishermen, coastal communities, farmers, power stations, and individuals.
Read more about Marine Pollution in the report published by the United Nations Environment Programme